HEALTH ADVISORY: DENGUE FEVER/DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC
What is Dengue H-Fever?
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is an acute viral illness that is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito, Aedes Aegypti. The incidence is more frequent during rainy season. If there is blood in the stools and/or blood in the vomitus and accompanied by shock, this is called Dengue Shock Syndrome and is often fatal. Aedes Aegypti, the transmitter of the disease, is a day-biting mosquito which lays eggs in clear water container, such as flower vases, cans, rain barrels, old rubber tires, etc. The adult mosquitoes nest in dark places of the house.
What are the symptoms of Dengue H-Fever?
1. Sudden onset of high fever which may last 2 to 7 days
2. Joint and muscles pain and pain behind the eyes
4. Skin rashes – maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
5. Nose or gum bleeding when fever starts to subside
6. Enlargement of the liver
7. Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
8. Dark-colored stools
How do we prevent Dengue H-Fever?
1. Remove all possible breeding places of mosquitoes inside and outside of houses such as tin cans, rubber tires, bottles or drain accumulated water from trees and plants.
2. Cover water storage containers to prevent breeding of mosquitoes.
3. Clean house gutters to prevent stagnant rain water.
4. Isolate patients suffering from Dengue H-Fever for at least 5 days.
5. Report to the nearest health center any suspected case of Dengue H-Fever in the neighborhood.
6. Mosquito nets, electric mosquito repellent, lotion repellants and protective clothing can also be used to prevent mosquito bites.
There are no specific treatments for Dengue Fever. Treatment depends on the symptoms, varying from oral rehydration therapy at home with close follow-up, to hospital admission with administration of intravenous fluids and/or blood transfusion. A decision for hospital admission is typically based on the presence of the “warning signs” like mucosal bleeding, continuous high fever, liver enlargement, lethargy, low platelet count/high hematocrit (CBC) and ongoing vomiting.
If your child exhibits the symptoms above, please:
* Seek medical attention immediately.
* Do not send your child to school. Make up for missed school work and requirements may be coordinated with the Class Adviser/Subject Teachers upon your child’s
* Inform the XSN Infirmary Nurse for confirmed cases of Dengue. You may call (02) 6640143 and ask for your call to be transferred to the Infirmary.